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    顶级正网平台【9158mike.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。株洲品轿帘汽车维修投资有限公司(原揭阳特蛹盎信息技术有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积16526平方米,友情会国际手机安装其中生产厂房占地8526平方米,仓库面积占地6696平方米。固定资产8579万元,流动资产7309万元,干部职工共663人,工程技术人员17人。顶级正网平台ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011。

    ByZhaoChangwen,,2011Therecentfinancingdifficultyconfrontings,thisfinancingdifficultyhasbecomeamajorfactorthatmayaffe,weconductedasweeping,wehavethefollowingviewsoverwhetherthemonetarypolicyshouldbeadjustedtoeasethisfinancingdifficulty:ationofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,ainlycomesfromthefactthatinfaceofhigh-levelinflationandstronginflationexpectation,thedrasticallyrisingcostshavesharpenedthecontradictionbetweentherapidgrowthofthefinancingdemandandthelimitedgrowthofthefinancingsupplycapacityandthuswidenedthedebtfinancing"gap".So,,thefinancingsupplycapacityshouldbeexpandedandthefinancingdemandshouldbecontainedsothatthe"financinggap",ducedbyTightMonetaryPolicyCurrently,thefinancingdifficu:One,smallandmedium-sized,thisdifficultyhasbeenrepeatedlyreportedbyvariousmediaan,theReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011pointsoutthat"Theobjectivedifficultyforlarge,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquireloanswillgrowindifferentdegrees."OursurveyconductedinthecitiesofHangzhou,Suzhou,Chengdu,DalianandQingdaoallindicatethatover80%ofrespondententerprises,smalland,sIndustrialEconomyin2011,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnologynotesthat"Theoverallcostforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquirebankloanshasrisenatleast13%."TheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011alsoindicatesthat"Theinterestrateoftheloansgrantedbyfinancialinstitutionstonon-financiale%inJune,"Accordingtoasurveyreport,entitledTheCurrentFourPhenomenaofSmall-BusinessFinancinginFaceofMacroRegulationDeserveAttentionandpreparedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,mostbankinginstitutionsinacentrally-administeredmunicipalityhaveraisedtheirbenchmarkinterestrateby20%~30%andsomeofthemhaveevenraisedtherateby50%~60%.Meanwhile,,consultingfee,releasingloansonthebasisofdepositdeductionandothermethods,theyhaverealizedanoverallreturnrateforsmallbusinessloansthatisnolessthan40%um-sizedenterp,privateusuriousloanshavebecsBankofChina,89%%enterprisesinthecityofWenzhouhavebeeninvolvedinprivatefsPrivateFinancingMarket%inJune,%smallenterpris,themonthlyinterestratewasashighas15%.InthecitiesofXiamenandShishiinFujianProvince,severalenterpr,somepeoplecitetheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011andmaintainthattheactualfinancingdiff"AttheendofJune2011,thebalanceoftheRMBloans(includingbilldiscount),%,,%yearonyearand9percentagepointshigherthantheaveragegrowthrateofallloans."donotandcannotaccuratelyreflecttherealfinancingdemandofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesorthesizeofthesupply-demand"gap".Infact,weknowfromoursurveythatafterthefinancialcrisis,manysmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshaverapidlyexpandedproductionandoperation,adjustedproductstructureandcarriedoutindustrialtransformationinordertomeetingtheneedofmarketcompetition,andt,,wecannotsimplytakethegrowthofbankloanbalanceasanindicationof"afurtherimprovementofthefinancingconditionsoftheseenterprises".Therehavebeenmanyexplanationsaboutthe:Figure4 InfluenceofCarryoverEffectandNewPriceRiseFactorsonCPIChangesDuringJanuaryandNovember,2010Withthegradualimplementationofaseriesofstatepoliciesbringingpricesundercontrol,itispredictedthatCPIgrowthwilld%.,CPIgrowthhasbeendrivenupbythefollowingfactors.(I)Demandgrowthan,CPIhasapositivecorrelationwiththelong-termincreaseofthetotalvolumeoftheretailsalesofconsumergoods,namely,withtheever-increasingtotalvolumeoftheretailsalesofconsumergoodsinthemedium-termandlongrun,,thetota,themedium-andlong-termfluctuationsofthetotalretailsalesvolumewilloccurabout23monthsaheadofCPIfluctuations(SeeFigure5).Thus,itcanbejudgedthatsince2010thecyclicalgrowthofCPIhasbeenaninevitableresultoftherapiddemandgrowthwhichhashappenedsince2008....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,tributionofpricesofeigh,%,cigarettes,%,%,%,%,%,recreational,%%.10-200米—Ananalysisofeconomicsituationduringthefirstquarterof2011andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceSincethebeginningof2011,,affectedbythenaturaldisastersandtheturbulentgeopolitics,,seconomicperformance,ahugepressurehasremainedoncommoditypriceriseandthedecliningexportandconseconomicgrowth,putforthefforttoadvancetheinstitutionalreformandadjustmentoftheeconomicstructureandimprovethequalityandbenefitoftheChineseeconomyagainstthebackdropofrelativelysloweconomicgrowth,ningof2011,,sexportandconsumptiongrowth,,pwardtrend,perationandDevelopment(OECD),sugg,theUSeconomyhasnotonlygrownfast,%inFebruary,thusalleviatingthesituationof"joblessgrowth",ytheimbalancebetweendevelopedcountriesandthattheeconomicrecoveryofdevelopedcountriesisrelativelys,arobusteconomicgrowthhastakenplaceintheUnitedStatesandGermany,whilethatofJapan,,%inFebruaryandthatofBritainhasovershot5%.TheunbalancedrecoveryoftheglobaleconomyhtheappreciationoftheJapaneseYenandthewithdrawaloftheconsumption-stimulantpolicy,Japanexperiencedanegativegrowthofitseconomy(-%),tsunamiandnuclearradiationinMarch2011,theJapanesepanesegovernment,ssexportstoJapanaccountfor8%ofitsexporttotalanditsimportsfromJapanmakeup12%,machineries,textiles,chemicals,%oftheexporttotaland,ofallimportsfromJapan,machineries,basemetals,opticaldevices,%mportandexporttradehaveproducedsomeimpactontheproductionandoperationofChina,thepost-disasterreconstructioninJapanwillgiveanimpetustosuchindustriesofChinaasbuildingmaterials,aboutbythenuclearaccidentsinJapanislikelytogeneratealongandmedium-termeffectontheworldeconomyandonChineseeconomy,saggregatedemand,yetstillonanormallevelIntermsoftheoverseasmarketdemand,China%inthefirsttwomonthsof2011andthecountrysimportsgrewby36%,,,Chinas,thedo,theexportgrowthratesin%,,wheninvestmentgrowthremainedrelativelystable,,%,yearonyear,f2010,andthegro,theautomobilesalesgrowthdroppedby31percentagepointsascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyear,whileinrecentyearstheproportionofautomobilesalesinthetotalvolumeofthesocialretailgoodshasreachedanaverageof23%.Whatmeritsattentionisthattherehasbeenanevidentdifferencebetweenthetotalvolumeofthesocialre,theexpe%and11%,whichexertslessinfluenceoverhouseholdconsumptionthanthebiggerproportionoftheautomobilesalesinthetotalvolumeofthesocialretailgoods.。

    亚搏app下载ByHouYongzhi,GaoShijiandLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"TheSystemofEvaluationIndicatorsforScientificDevelopment",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo62,2012Establishingthescientificdevelopmentevaluationsystemanddesigningaseriesofmeasurableobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsreflectingtheessentialrequirementofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanimportantwaytopromotesubstantialchangeofthedevelopmentpatternandpropelscientificdevelopment,andalsoaneffortonfundamenta,onlyacceptedbysociety,,contradictionsofimba"people-centered,balancedandsustainable"development,wemust,basedontheoreticalanalysis,learnfromavailabledevelopmentevaluationmethodsbothathomeandabroad,toacceleratetheestablishmentoftheunitorsystemevaluatingscientificdevelopment,wemusthavemoreprofoundunderstandingabouttheconnotationofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,andtranslatethecore,essentialelements,,weregardscientificdevelopmentas"people-centered,efficient,fairandsustainable".developmentshndevelopmentfromaholisticperspectiveandbyconnectingtheprinciplethat"developmentisthetoppriority"andthefeatureof"beingpeople-centered,balancedinanall-aroundandsustainableway".Without"beingpeople-centered"asthecore,wecanhardlydistinguish"developmentisthetoppriority"fromdevelopmentalism,highlighttheuniquesocialistdevelopmentpatternwithChinesecharacteristics,nomicdevelopmentandthatdevelopmentisofparamountimportanceintodayeultimatepurposeofdevelopment,whichistocreateconditionsfortheultimaterealizationofthe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople"and"all-aroundfreedevelopmentofpeople","putting-peoplefirst",inthecurrentstage,workingisatoolforpeopletoearnaliving,ratherthantheprimarydemandoflife;therefore,wecanhardlyrealizethe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople",thescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanapproa,theeconomicgrowthrateshouldmaintainahighlevelinthelongrunsoastocontinuces,fasteconomicdevelopmentshouldbebasedontheoptimizedstructure,llymotivateallsocialmembersenthusiasm,initiative,creativityanddynamisminstartingupbusinesswithinnovation,byestablishingsystemsandmechanismsbasedonequalopportunities,rightsandrules,sothatthemassescanfullyparticipateintheprocessofindustrialization,urbanizationandm,minimumsecurityshouldbeprovidedtothoselosingthecapabilityofworkandthosetemporarilyinneedofassistanceduetobusinessorologicalprogressSustainabledevelopmentconcernstheequalitybetweengenerations,andthekeyforsustainabledevelopmentistobalancethelivin,torealizesustainabledevelopmentandleaveenoughresourcesandspaceforlivingforfuturegenerationsdoesnmToestablishtheindicatorsystemevaluatingthescientificdevelopment,weshould,firstofall,understandproblemsinChinasdevelopment,weaknessesandstrengthsofavailabletheoreticalexplorationandpracticalexperienceinestablishingthedevelopmentevaluationsystem,andthenformulatescientificandrationalprinciplestodesignthes,Ch,thisprogressisfarfrommeetingtherequirementofscientificdevelopment,asinsufficientimportanceisattachedtopeopleandthedevelopmentshouldbemoreefficient,,manyregionsanddeparspectsofdevelopment,someonlocaldevelopmentorspecificdepartments,andctedbyothercountriessuchasBhutan,theUKandAustraliaandrelevantinternationalinstitutionsincludingtheUnitedNations(UN),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),emofscientificdevelopment,butcannotbedirectlyusedtoevaluateChina:first,thereisnocleartheoreticalconnectionbetweenindicatorsselectedindomesticresearchandexplorationandthescientificoutlookondevelopment;second,thereisstillagapbetweenindicatorsselectedininternationalresearchandexplorationandChinakondevelopmentandbysummarizingexperiencesintheoreticalandpracticaleffortsbothathomeandabroad,thispaperherebyproposessomebasicideasandprinciplestodesigntheevaluationindicatorsystem.ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)ByHouYongzhi,GaoShijiandLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"AScientificDevelopmentEvaluationSystem",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo62,2012Establishingthescientificdevelopmentevaluationsystemanddesigningaseriesofmeasurableobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsreflectingtheessentialrequirementofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanimportantwaytopromotesubstantialchangeofthedevelopmentpatternandpropelscientificdevelopment,andalsoaneffortonfundamenta,onlyacceptedbysociety,,contradictionsofimba"people-centered,balancedandsustainable"development,wemust,basedontheoreticalanalysis,learnfromavailabledevelopmentevaluationmethodsbothathomeandabroad,toacceleratetheestablishmentoftheunitorsystemevaluatingscientificdevelopment,wemusthavemoreprofoundunderstandingabouttheconnotationofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,andtranslatethecore,essentialelements,,weregardscientificdevelopmentas"people-centered,efficient,fairandsustainable".developmentshndevelopmentfromaholisticperspectiveandbyconnectingtheprinciplethat"developmentisthetoppriority"andthefeatureof"beingpeople-centered,balancedinanall-aroundandsustainableway".Without"beingpeople-centered"asthecore,wecanhardlydistinguish"developmentisthetoppriority"fromdevelopmentalism,highlighttheuniquesocialistdevelopmentpatternwithChinesecharacteristics,nomicdevelopmentandthatdevelopmentisofparamountimportanceintoday’eultimatepurposeofdevelopment,whichistocreateconditionsfortheultimaterealizationofthe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople"and"all-aroundfreedevelopmentofpeople","putting-peoplefirst",inthecurrentstage,workingisatoolforpeopletoearnaliving,ratherthantheprimarydemandoflife;therefore,wecanhardlyrealizethe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople",thescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanapproa,theeconomicgrowthrateshouldmaintainahighlevelinthelongrunsoastocontinuces,fasteconomicdevelopmentshouldbebasedontheoptimizedstructure,llymotivateallsocialmembers’enthusiasm,initiative,creativityanddynamisminstartingupbusinesswithinnovation,byestablishingsystemsandmechanismsbasedonequalopportunities,rightsandrules,sothatthemassescanfullyparticipateintheprocessofindustrialization,urbanizationandm,minimumsecurityshouldbeprovidedtothoselosingthecapabilityofworkandthosetemporarilyinneedofassistanceduetobusinessorologicalprogressSustainabledevelopmentconcernstheequalitybetweengenerations,andthekeyforsustainabledevelopmentistobalancethelivin,torealizesustainabledevelopmentandleaveenoughresourcesandspaceforlivingforfuturegenerationsdoesn’mToestablishtheindicatorsystemevaluatingthescientificdevelopment,weshould,firstofall,understandproblemsinChina’sdevelopment,weaknessesandstrengthsofavailabletheoreticalexplorationandpracticalexperienceinestablishingthedevelopmentevaluationsystem,andthenformulatescientificandrationalprinciplestodesignthes,Ch,thisprogressisfarfrommeetingtherequirementofscientificdevelopment,asinsufficientimportanceisattachedtopeopleandthedevelopmentshouldbemoreefficient,,manyregionsanddeparspectsofdevelopment,someonlocaldevelopmentorspecificdepartments,andctedbyothercountriessuchasBhutan,theUKandAustraliaandrelevantinternationalinstitutionsincludingtheUnitedNations(UN),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),emofscientificdevelopment,butcannotbedirectlyusedtoevaluateChina’:first,thereisnocleartheoreticalconnectionbetweenindicatorsselectedindomesticresearchandexplorationandthescientificoutlookondevelopment;second,thereisstillagapbetweenindicatorsselectedininternationalresearchandexplorationandChina’kondevelopmentandbysummarizingexperiencesintheoreticalandpracticaleffortsbothathomeandabroad,thispaperherebyproposessomebasicideasandprinciplestodesigntheevaluationindicatorsystem.顶级正网平台重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,--Ananalysisofeconomicsituationin2011andprospectsfor2012DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceInthecontextofabigpressureofdomesticpriceriseandthecontinuousinternationaleconomicupheaval,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncil,bykeepingtothesetmacro-control,policyinlightofactualeconomicperformancewithaforward-lookingmannerandseekingbalanceinpricecontrol,smoothgrowthandstructuralreadjustment,haveeffectivelycontainedtheexcessivel,theworldeconomicsituationin2012wouldbecomesophisticatedand,asbigcountriesliketheUnitedStates,Germany,FranceandRussiawouldhavegovernmentelection,sdomesticdemandisalsounderthepressureofslowdown,andlatentriskshaveincreasedinsuchfieldsastherealestatemarket,theinvestmentandfinentmonetarypolicy,weneedtointensifytheelasticityandflexibilityofmacroeconomicpolicies,furtherreleasethevitalityandpotentialsofmicro-subjects,endeavortowardoffandmitigatevarioussortsofrisks,activelyexpeditetheinstitutionalreformandstructuralreadjustmentandstrivetoachievesubstinningof2011,thegovernmenthas,astheprimarytask,,economicperfo%forthewholeyearAffectedbysuchfactorsastheweakeningbaseeffect,theimprovingmonetaryconditionsandthedecliningpricesofstaplecommodities,%inJuly,upbyabout5%,,thebroadmoney(M2)%,yearonyear,thenarrowmoney(M1)%,yearonyear,%,yearonyear,makingitpossibletorealizeassche,,theglobaleconomicgrowthhassloweddownevidently,plusriskavoidanceonthemarket,theUSdollarhasreboundedshortly,pricesof,thefoodpricesh,,slightlyatover9%Inthefirst8months,investmentinthemanufacturingindustryandinrealestatemarketgrewrapidly,yetgrowthofinvestmentinsuchinfrastructurefacilitiesascommunicationsandelectricalpowersloweddownevidently,andthefixedassetinvestmentgrewby25%.Asvehicleandhousing-relatedconsumptiongrowthdeclinedmarkedly,,theslowdownoftheworldeconomicgrowthhasnotyetproducedremarkableinfluenceoverChina,%.Itispredictedthattheyearlyexportswillgrowby20%,themoderatedeclineofthegrowthoftheaggregatedemandsince2011hasbeenmainlyaresultofactivecontrolthroughmacro-economicpolicies,whichisbeneficialtocontrolling%inthefirsthalfoftheyear,%.,%,yearonyear,%.,makin%,playinganactiveroleinstabilizingthegrowtho,theoverallimplementationoftherestrictionpolicyonhousingpurchaseandthecollectionofpropertytaxonapiloingplatformshascontainedtheever-growingcreditrisksandlocalfinancialrisksrelatedtolandandrealestatesectors,playinga,urbanandruralareasaswellasinternalandexternalmarketshasbeenimprovedEconomicdevelop,GDPof18provincesandregionsgrewbymorethan13%,,provincesandregionswhoseGDPgr,theriseofpricesoffarmproduceandtheimplementationofvariousagriculture-friendlypolicies,%inthefirsthalfof2011,bei%,positivechangeshavetakenplaceinChinasinternationalmarketsharehasincreasedanditsexportstodevelopingcountrieshaveaccountedformorethan50%.AndthenumberofChinastradesurplushasdecreased,%orso,andthebalancebetweenimportandexporthasimproved. Source:BasedonthedatafromChinaStatisticalYearbook(2)EnterprisetechnologicalinnovationmountsuptoanewhighwithincreasinglydiversefunctionsTechnologicalinnovationisnolongersimplyequipmentupgrading,butisformingmorediversefunctionsthroughbettercombinationwithtechnologicalprogress,energyconservation,emissioncut,,technologicalinno,theenterprisescansetuptheresearchanddevelopmentcenterbasedontechnologicalinnovation,launchdemonstrationprojectsfortheindustria,technologicalinnovationcanbeincorporatedintoenergyconservation,gyconservation,waterconservation,environmentalprotection,,highandnewtechnologiescanbeap,developnewindustriesofstrategicsignifican,techn,technologyandbrandconductcross-regionalandcross-industrialmergingandrestructuring,,technologicalinnovationcanplayaroleinoptimizingtheregion,itcouldprovidetechnicalserviceforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesbysupportinggenerictechnologicalplatformsratherthansupportindividualenterprisesrenovationprojects.(3)LocalgovernmentsrendersustainedsupportfortechnologicalinnovationWithaviewofdevelopinglocaleconomies,localgovernralgovernmenthavepromulgatedandadjustedtheirtechnologicalinnova,,autonomousregions,municipalitiesandcitiesspecificallydesignatedinthestateplanaswellasXinjiangProductionandConstructionCorps,24regionshaveformulatedandreleasedguidingplansonkeytechnologicalinno,inrecentyearsuptoahundredtechnologicalinnovation-supportingpoliciesontaxation,ialfinanceincludingthatofthecities,between2009and2010,,,JiangsuProvinceallocated650millionyuanexclusivelyfortechnologicalinnovationinformsofequipmentsubsidy,loandiscountandincentivesfor878keytechnologicalinnovationprojects.(4)ThecentralgovernmentstrengthenedsupporttotechnologicalinnovationtocopewiththefinancialcrisisThecentralgovernmenthaspromulgatedadjustmentandrenovationplanningupontenkeyindustriessince2008,furtherunderscoringthesignificanceofenterprryandInformationTechnologyjointlyformulatedMeasuresonSpecialInvestmentManagementforKeyIndustriesRejuvenationandTechnologicalInnovation,releasedtheguidelineontechnologicalinnovationinvestment,andorganizedt,thecentralgovernmentearmarkedaround40billionyuanfortechnologicalinnovationupon8,966projects,attractingatotalinvestmentof1,%%%%%%in2010.LiZhijunTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhave,basedonthestates863Program,973Program,theProgramfortheStudyandIndustrializationofGeneticallyModifiedPlants,andtheProgramfortheIndustrializationofNewandHighTechnologies,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncildeliberatedandapprovedinprincipletheim,progresshasbeenmadeinthecultureofnewtransgenicvarieties,thecloningofnewgenes,transgenictechnology,bio-safetytechnology,andtheindustrializationofthesetechnologiesthroughcontinuedeffort,theStateCouncilissuedPoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industry,inwhichitsetforwardtheconceptof"acceleratingthebuildingofbio-industryintoapillarhi-techindustryandoneofthestatesstrategicemergingindustries".:"Continuetocarryoutimportanttechnologicalprogramsforcultivatingnewtransgenicvarieties;acceleratethedevelopmentoffunctionalgenesandnewbiologicalvarietieswithhighpracticalvalueandproprietaryintellectualpropertyrights;promotetheindustrializationofnewtransgenicvarietiesonthebasisofscientificevaluationandadministrationaccordingtolaw."Effortsarebeingintensifiedandthelegalsystemrefinedfortheprotectionoftheintellectualproperty(IP)ofChinawing:Article25ofthePatentLaw;afewsectionsintheStateIntellectualPropertyOffices"GuidelinesforExamination";RegulationsonAgriculturalTransgenicBio-safety;theStateCouncilinJune2008andthePoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industrydistributedbytheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,whichcontainexplicitrulesonreinforcingbio-safetyandIPprotection,,themainproblemsinthisrespectare:imperfectlegislation,whichisdisjointedandonalowlevel;inadequatemacro-coordinationbetweendepartmentsandweaklawenforcement;insufficiantstrategicmoveforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicaladvancesTransgenictechnology,whichisessentialtomodernbiotechnology,isknownas"oneofthemajortechnologiesappliedmostrapidlyinhumanhistory".Touseittocultivatehigh-yield,high-quality,multiresistantandefficientnewvarietiescanreducetheinputofpesticidesandfertilizersandisverymeaningfulforeasingtheresourceconstraints,protectingecologicalenvironment,improvingthequalityofproducts,ationoftransgen,enthusiasticallyfollowedbydevelopingcountries,havedesignatedtransgenictechnologyasastrategicfocusforseizingthefuturecommandingpositionofscienceandtec,genomics,andinformationsciencehasspurredtherapidprogressoftransgenic;newgenes,propertiesandproductsareconstantlyemerging;,newtransgenicvarietiesaroundtheworldaretransformingfromfirst-generationproductssuchaspest/herbicide-resistantvarietiestosecond-generationproductswithbetternutritionandhigheryieldsandthird-generationproductssuchasindustrialproducts,medicine,,th,typicallysoybeans,cotton,maizeandrape,(1mu=1/15ha.)esolutiontotheconstraintsoffarmland,waterandotherresources,tonationalfoodsecurity,antstrategygearedtofutureglobalcompetitionandthespecializationofindustries,andavitalapproachtoensuringnationalfoodsecurity;itisalsoamajordevelopmentstrategyforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicalaecultivationofnewtransgenicvarieties,trytoseizetheeconomicandtechnologicalcommandingposition,andacceleratethestudyandapplicationoftransgenictechnology,inordertoprovidescientificandtechnologicalsupportforthesustainabledevelopmentofChinaIPoftransgenictechnologyFirst,thedevelopmentoftransgenictechn,transgenictechnologyhasamajorimpactontraditionalIPintermsofthesubjects,objects,tationduringimplementationmakesitdifficultattransgenictechnologycombinesthepartialgenesofmicroorganisms,plants,animals,ande,takingadvantageofloopholesinWTOlegislation,somedevelopedcountriesrestricttransgenicbio-productswithgreenbarriers,fthelackofafinalconclusionaboutthesafetyofgeneticallymodifiedorganisms(GMOs)intheinternationalcommunitya,certainrestrictionso,regardingthedevelopmentoftransgenictechnology,developedcountrieshavepowe,thebiodiversityresourcesindevelopingcountriesareyettobeeffectivelelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRightshasbroughtaboutanunprecedenteddevelopmentandunificationoftheglobalIPregime,buttheglobalgeneticresourcesprotectionsystembuiltaroundtheConventiononBiologicalDiversityhasjustbeenlaunchedandislessenforceablethantheAgreement,hencetheglobalsituationofthes,developedcountriesvoraciouslypreyonandtakecontrolofthegeneticresourcesofdevelopingcountries,developnewvarietiesofcropswithadvancedtechnology,applyforpatentprotection,andgainhugeprofitsbysellingtheresultstodevelopingcountriesaspatentedtechnologiesandfruitsathighprices.ByGuShuzhong,ZhangLiangHongTao,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPolicies,theDRCResearchReportNo3,morehillyslopesdeterminetheimportantstatusofandrolesplayedbyhillyslopesintermsoflanddevelopmentandutilizationChinasmountainousregionsandhillylandsmakeup65%ofthecountry,thelandreclamationratehasbeenlowerthan10%,inZhejiang,70%aremountainousregions,23%areplainsand6%(15mumakeonehectare),,yettheareaofhillocksandgentleslopesisequivalenttothatofthearableland;theprovinceofYunnanhasapercentageof94%ofmountainousandsemi-mountainousregionsandapercentageofonly6%,plainsandbasinshavebeendevelopedconsiderablyandthoseareregionswherepopulation,,thepotentialfordevelopmentofthoseregionshavebecomelimited,yetthoseregionsareshoulderingtheresponsibilityandpressureofensuringeco,exploitingandutilizingmowlevelonthewholeandthepotentialsandprospectsforanoveralldevelopmentandutilizationarehugeandbroad(1),,suchhilloc,hillocksandgentleslopesareatypical"marginalland",amarginaltypeamongvarioustypesofland,thuscausingtheinstabilityoftheland,andchangesareapttohappeninusesofthelandandthelandiseasilyusedasforest,grass,arableandconstructionland,whichisusuallyknownas"marginalswitchofuses".(2)elopmentandutilizationofhillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiang,theprovincehas36millionmuintotalofutilizablehillocksandgentleslopes,ofwhich33millionmuaresuitableforfarming,%;,%;520,000muarehardtoutilize,%.TheareaofthehillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiangisequivalenttothatoftheprovincesarableland,yetthehillocksandgentleslopeshavelimitedpopulationandindustries,,thecountrywidehillocksandgentleslopesaccountforapproximately10%ofthetotallandarea,beingbasicallyequivalenttothenationalarablelandstock.(3)D:,residentiallandandinfrastructureland(road,drainage,sewagetreatment,trashtreatment,water-supplyandpower-supplyfacilities,etc.).Theselandtypescanbeusedaslandresourcesfortheconstructionofcitiesandtoweisureandlandscapeareasaccordingtotheirspecificconditionsandtheoverallplanning,whichisbeneficialtothemaintenanceoftheecologicalenvironmen,moreplainscanbeobtainedasarablelandthatismoresuitablefsarablelandthroughnecessaryproj,hillocksandgentleslopescanbeutilizedaslandresourcesfordevelopingnewenergyresources(windpowerandsolarpower).portantwayforrelievinglandshortageatpresentperiod(1)Theplightsofensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentandmain,urbanizationandmodernizationcurrentlytakingplaceinChina,therehasbeenarobustdemandforland,especiallylandforconstruction,,Chinaisconfronted,andwillbelongconfrontedwiththepressureandchallengeoffoodsecurityandtherehasbeenanever-increasingpressureandrequirementforprotectingarableland."Ensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentwhilemaintainingtherock-bottomamountofarableland"hasbeenandwillbe,withinalongperiodoftime,forconstruction.(2),thehillocksandgentleslopes,asthe"marginalland",havebecomethetargetandhopeforrelievingtheplights:constructionlandsupply,aswellasoneofthemainchannelsforprovidingimportantlandresourcesforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountryside;ablelandoccupiedforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountrysideandinfrastructurefacilitiesandforeffectivelyprotectingarableland;(thoughthechoiceisnowatissueandshouldnotbeadvocatedatpresent)forcomplementingarablelandresourcesaccordingtolocalconditions;tureandforgraduallyrealizingthemaximumefficiencybyutilizingthelandforfarming,constructionandforestpurposesaccordingtoactualconditions.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Note:Thefigur:elativelytightinthefourthquarterIn2010,demandforsuchmajorenergyproductsaspowerandoilproductsincreasedbyawidemarginascomparedwith2009,,coalandoilproductshasbeensubstantiallyenhancedoverrecentyears,plustherapidincreaseofcoalandoilimports,,affectedbysomeshort-termfactors,,coaloutputc,coalsupplyturnedoutnormaldur,,,,%.Inthefirstthreequartersof2010,supplyofanddemandforoilproductsturnedoutevenonthewhole,,%,thedieselmarkethadfacedsuchnegativefactorsastheriseofinternationaloilprices,increaseofoilforpowergenerationandthedieselstockremainingatalowlevel,entdownascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyearIn2010,pricesofmajorenergyproducts,suchasoil,coalandpower,,sinceenergypricesrosegraduallyfromarelativelylowlevelin2009,thosepricesremainedhighbeforetheywentdownin2010ascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyear.(1)In2010theinternationaloilpricefluctuatedaround80USdollarsandthedomesticpricesofoilproductswereadjustedforfourtimesIn2010,theinternationaloilpricewasgenerallyfluctuatingaround70~nthefirstfourmonths,,themonthlyaverageprice(Platts,samebelow)/barrel,%,affectedbysuchfactorsasthesovereigndebtcrisissweepingacrosssomeEuropeancountriesandtheappreciationofUSdollar,theinternationaloilpricebegantodecline,/barrelinJune,%,,/,affectedbysuchfactorsasthedevaluationofUSdollar,theinternationaloilpricewentupmonthbymonth,/,toadapttothechangeofinternationalcrudeoilprice,theStateDevelopmentandReformCommission(SDRC)adjustedthedomesticpricesofoilproductsrespectivelyonApril14,June1,October26andDecember22.(2)CoalpriceswentuponthewholeAccordingtotheNationalBureauofStatistics,since2010,producerpricesofcoalandcokingindustriesremainedatagrowthrateofaround10%.InNovember,withtheadventofthewinterpeaktimeforcoalconsumption,,thepriceofsteamcoalinQinhuangdaorosebymorethan10%ascomparedto2009,yetinDecemberthepriceofthesteamcoalremainedthesameasthatinthesameperiodofthepreviousyearandinthebeginningof2011.(3)TheproducerpriceoftheelectricpowerincreasedonasmallscaleIn2010,theproducerpriceofelectricpowercontinuedtoriseonasmallscale,withtheriseremainingat2%orsointhewholeyear.、顶级正网平台用户至上新濠新天地AG水果拉霸Figure2ChinasForeignTradeIncreasefrom1978to2010Source:ChinaStatisticalYearbookSinceChinaemergedastheworldssecondlargesteconomyaftergoingthroughthephaseoftryingtorapidlycatchupwithdevelopedcountriesbycuttingdownonconsumption,itish:one,thehighconsumption,seriouspollutionandhighemissionscausedbyheavyindustryfarexceedsthecarryingcapacityoftheresourceenvironment;two,theinternationalfinancialcrisishascauseddrasticshrinkageofforeigndemandwhichishardtoberestoredwithinashorttime,sothereistoomuchsurplusindomesticproductionwhichispartiallyattributabletointensiveinvestmentsmadeovertheyears;three,extensiveandinefficientproductionmodecanbarelystandthepressurecausedbythesurginglaborcostaswellascompetitionpressurewithotheremergingcountries;andfour,thescopeofintroducinganddrawingonforeigncountries,somefactorscharacterizingtheolddevelopmentmodecouldnolongersatisfytheneedsfordevelopmentinthenewstage,likethemechanism,system,productionandconsumpti,mechanism,stimulatingthevitalityandcreativityoftheindividualmarketplayers,upliftingthesystemscompatibilityandthegovernmentscapabilitytocopewithrisks,soastoultimatelyattainthegoalo,wemustfulfillthefollowingtasks:(1)Weshouldattachmoreimportancetocultivationanddevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesratherthanrelyonlargeenterprisesandkeyprojects;(2)Weshouldrelyoncoordinateddevelopmentoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesratherthanthesecondaryindustry,theheavyindustryinparticular,topropeleconomicdevelopment,withaviewofbenefitingfrombotheconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscope;(3)Insteadofrelyinglargelyoninvestmentandexporttopropeleconomicdevelopment,weshouldemphasizecoordinateddevelopmentamonginvestment,consumptionandexportwithparticularattentiontoenhancingconsumptionspulloneconomicdevelopment,protectandraisedomesticdemand;(4)Weshouldstressindependentinnovationratherthanabsorbinternationaladvancedtechnologies,anddevelopemergingindustries;(5)Weshouldshiftfromgovernment-orientedperformancetomarketorientedperformance,andbetterplayoutthemarketsregulatoryandself-disciplinaryrole;(6)Weshouldtransformfromregionalcompetitionmodetobalanceddevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareas,,therealeconomyistherecipientoffiniceandnewchallengesuponthetraditionalfinancingintermediarymode,onInitsmostfundamentalrole,financeservesasacenterinsocialcapitaltransactionanddistribution,channeli,Chinasfinancialsystemhasbeenaccustomedtothetradit:first,itisledbythegovernmenttoconductmajorprojectsbypoolingresources,givingrisetoindirectfinancingmechanismdominatedbymajorbanks;second,ittendstofavordevelopmentofcapital-intensiveindustrialsector,givingbirthtothebankcreditculturefeaturingmortgagingcollateralsasthemainwaytoforestallrisks;andthird,themanagementmodeisbasicallythesameforb,mechanismandcreditculture,thecapitalisboundtoflowintolargemanufacturingbusinessesandinfrastructurewhileforthetechnologyandtheserviceindustriesitishardtoobtainbanks-sizede:Theincompatibilityofthefinancialsystemisultimatelyreflectedinthelowefficiencyoffinancialservice.ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.、DVORByYuanDongming,GeneralOfficeofDRCandLiGuangqian,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo132,2012Inrecentyears,themarkethaswitnessednumerouscasesofunusualfluctuationofthepricesofChineseherbalmedicines,remaithaviewtostraighteningupthemarketandforthepurposeoffocusingontheestablishmentofasingleandspecializedmarketandtheformationofthe"individuality+multiplicity",significantchangeshavetakenplaceinthemarketcircumstancesfortheoperationoftheherbalmedicines,andinnovationshionmodelandactivelyboosttheimprovementofthemarketsystem,thetransformationofthespecializedmarketandthechangeofmeansofsupervisionsoastolayafoundatihineseherbalmedicinemarkethasexperiencedthreephasesofdevelopmentsincetheimplementationofreformandopeninguppolicy:(before1994)Aftertheimplementationofthereformandopen-doorpolicy,thetransitionoftheproduction,operationandsalesofherbalmedicinalproductsfromunderthepreviousplannedeconomysystemtothepresentmarketeconomysystemgreatlyboostedthecultivationandtradingofherbalmedicinalmaterials,,over100herbalmedicinemarketstookshapespontaneouslyacrossthecountry,dthedecoctionpieces(preparedherbalmedicineinsmallpiecesreadyfordecoction)theherbalmedetsandthemarketmanagementwasterriblyimperfect,leadinoducts,severelyimpairingt(1994~2003)ItwasputforwardintheUrgentCircularoftheStateCouncilonFurtherStrengtheningthePharmaceuticalAdministrationWorkpromulgatedin1994thatthespecializedherbalmedicinemarketsshouldberectifiedandstandardized,andin1995theStateAdministrationofTraditionalChineseMedicine,StatePharmaceuticalAdministration,MinistryofPublicHealthandtheStateAdministrationofIndustryandCommercejointlyformulatedtheSta,variouslocalitiesacrossthecountrystraighteneduptheirrespectiveherbalmedicinemarketsaccordingtotheStandardsandclosedtheineligibleones,andexercisedr,116illegalmedicinalfairtrademarketshadbeenbannedoneafteranotherthroughoutth  (since2003)Withthefurtherdevelopmentofthemarketeconomyandtheever-growinglaw-enforcementandsupervisionefforts,theobsoletemeansofexchangeonthespecializedmarketsturnedoutmaladaptiveandthemarketswereencumberedbyanumberofprevailingproblems,suchasmanagementchaos,operationbeyondthedesigna,theStateFoodandDrugAdministrationmadesamplinginspectionoftheherbalmedicinalmaterialssoldonspecializedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheamountofdefectiveproductsreachedashighas31%,ofwhichthedefectiveproductsofsomevarietiesevensurged83%,withbothperc%,theStateFoodandDrugAdministration,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theStateCouncilOfficeforRectifyingIllegalMarketOrdersandtheGeneralAdministrationforIndustryandCommercestartedthespecialrectificationof17specializedmarketsandotherillicitfairtrademarketsnationwide,withthefocusbeingmadeontheenh,theherbalmedicinemarketshaveplayedanimportantpartinenliveningmedicinecirculation,increasingfarmers,thenumberofpermanentpersonnelinvolvedinherbalmedicinesin17specializedmarketshastopped100,,thesp,withthedevelopmentoflocally-supportedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheexpansionofthemarketdemand,,thereareover100specializedmarketsandthousandsoffai,circ,somelargemanufacturersofdecoctionpiecesandherbalmedicinesaremakingpurchasesdirect,moderninformationizedmeanshaveexpeditedtheparturitionofmanynewherbalmedicinecirculationpatterns,suchaschainoperation,onlinetransactionandfuturestrading.ByZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo176,LandRightsandInterestsintheProcessofUrbanizationUrbanizationisoneoftheimportantfeaturesovermorethanthirtyyearsofreformandopeningupinChinaandwillremainthemajorthrustforChinasebeingturnedintonon-agriculturallansurbanizationprocesshasturnedouttobethela,thenum,s40million–landrightsandinterestshasbecomeincreasinglyamajoreconomicandsosationforrequisitionedlandInrecentyears,thelandproceedsfromthetransferofland-us,,upby38%fromayearago,,%yearonyear,withtheaverageproceedsfromthetransferofland-userightsreaching508,andconversiontax,deedtax,landvalueincrementtax,farmlandreclamationfee,costforpaiduseofconstructionland,agriculturalpriorityconstructionfunds,termitecontrolfee,wallremoldingfee,civilairdefensefee,managementfeeandbusinesscost,t40,000yuanand,duringlandsales,deedtax,landvalueincrementtaxandtermitecontrolfeeturnedoverforsalesoflandthroughauctiontotalednearly100,nderingandauctiontotheaveragesalespriceinlandacquisitionandsalesmadeup12%orso,andthepercentageoftaxesandduesturnedoverforagreedsalesofeachmuoflandaccountedforabout40%,thecompensationgainedbyfarmersforlandacquisitionislow,makingsLandManagementLawthatlandcompensationfeesandmanpowerplacementallowanceareallcalculatedattheaverageannualagriculturaloutputvaluethreeyearsbeforethelandisrequisitionedandhavenothingtodowithpricefactorsrelatingtopossessionoftherequisitionedland,economicandsocialdevelopmentlevels,,000yuan–30,000yuanpermuonceandforallascompensationforhisrequisitionedlandandforfarmersineconomicallydevelopedareas,theyeachcanget30,000yuan–50,surveyof12statekeyprojects,suchastheBeijing-ZhuhaiExpresswayandtheBeijing-FuzhouExpressway,findthatcompensationforrequisitionedlandusuallyaccountsformerely3%-5%ofthetotalprojectinvestment,%%.TheNationalAuditOfficesfindingsfrom34high-classhig,%,internationally,thecompensationforrequisitionedlandfortheconstructionoftransportinfrastructurefacilitiesusuallyaccountsfor40%-50%,withtheirlivelihoodinsecureinthedaystocomeFarmerswilllosetheirstablesourceso,especiallyfemalelaborersabove40yearsofageandmalesolderthan50years,,%,inparticular,somefarmershavelostbothlandandjobs,,forfarmers,th,ritybenefitstoland-losingfarmers,thusincreasingthenumberoffarmerscoveredbysocialsecuritynetwork,"demolition-for-land"insomeregions,layingdownhiddenperilsforthefutureInrecentyears,shortageoflandforconstructionhasbecomenotablytightinionsystemandtheland-savingsystem,someregionshavestartedtos,throughsuchmethodsasvillagerehabilitation,concentratedinhabitationoffarmersand"homesteadsreplacementfornewhousing",haveturnedpartofthecollectively-ownedlandforconstructio"demolition-for-land"liesinitssupplyofspaceforurbanandindustrialdevelopment,whichhas,tosomeextent,facilitatedthee"demolition-for-land"activitiesconductedinsomeregions,however,haveinfringeduponfarmersrightsandintereststohomesteadstosomeextent,,farmersself-sufficientandwithlivingexpensesspentontenementmanagement,water,electricityandheatingsupply,farmersexpenditureshaveincreasedallatonce,bringingahuge,inparticular,haveassembledthelandcontractedbyfarmersandleasethemtocompaniesormajorclientsforbusinessoperation,,urbanareasandnon-agricu"slumareas",,itwouldbequiteapmainfactortriggeringsocialinstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWangZhonghong,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomy,ShengChaoxun,ReminUniversityofChinaResearchReportNo70,tyofagriculturalproductsThequalitysocessesfromproductionofagriculturalproductsallthroughtothecirculationandconsumptionoftheproducts,improvethetraceabilitysystemforthesafet,thecityofJiangyinhassetupthe"defect-freemeat"traceabilitysafetyinformationplatform,thusrealizingeffectivegovernmentsupervisionoversuchlinksascultivation,,humidity,air-sensitivityandillumination,theHuishanFineVegetableParkofWuxihasuseditssensornetworkcontrolsystemtoconductdigitalizedcontroloverallprocessesofvegetablegrowthtoensurethevegetableproductionis"environment-friendlyandorganic".ricultureUsingInternetofthingstotransformthetraditionalagriculturecanbringaboutaccuratecontrolovertheuseoffarmchemicals,waterandfertilizeraswellasoveranimalhusbandryandaquaculture,cutdownwaste,reducepollution,strengthenepidemicprevention,increaseagriculturalyieldandbeneconductautomaticreal-timecollectionandwirelesstransmissionofdataandcanoffersmarttreatment,ureponds,effectivelyimprovetheenvironmentforthegrowthofrivercrabs,enhancetheoutput,thenetincomeearnedpermucanreach1,,thechickenfarmsoftheDongzhongAnimalHusbandryofJiangsuprovincehasrealizedtheautomaticandaccuratecontroloversuchlinksasfeeding,breedingandcleaning,thusreducingthemanpowerby35%andincreasingthechickensurvivalsfrom93%tomorethan98%andtheeconomicbenefitbymorethan20%.y-makingandcommandlevelUsingtheInternetofthingstomonitorthegrowthofcrops,protectionofforests,animalhusbandryandaquaculturecanhelptoacquireaccurateperceptionsandmaketimely,thecropseedlingmonitoringsystemmountedinMengchengandDingyuanofAnhuiprovince,transmittedtheinformationintimeaboutthegrowthofwheatseedlingsandtheirsufferingfromdisasters,playinganimportant,emergency,communicationandcommandsystemandthroughthelong-distanceforestfireimagemonitoringandcommandsystem,thecityofNanjinghasrealizedthenetworkedlong-distancemonitoringofforestfiresandisinapositiontoconductmulti-levelcontrolandsharingofvideosandpicturesthatfthingstotheagriculturalsectorcanalsoturnfarmersintomodernagriculturalworkerslocallyandincreasefarmers,,bysettinguptheorganicvegetablebasesandthequalitytraceabilitysystem,hasrealizedthedistributionoforganicagriculturalproducts"fromfieldstokitchens",,butfarmerstimebuildingitselfintothelargestenterpriseofInternetofthingsoforganicagricultureintheYangtzeRiverDeltaareatohelp10,ApplyingAgriculturalInternetofThingsRelevantsurveysindicatethatsomeregionshaveattachedgreatimportancet,withthejointeffortsmadebythegovernment,enterprisesandinstitutionsofscientificresearch,greatprogre,tInlightofthestatepolicytowardstheagriculturalInternetofthings,JiangsuandAnhuiprovinceshaveattachedgreatimportancetostrengtheningplanningandguidance,hings(2009~1012)promulgatedinApril2010,JiangsuhasnotedthattheprovincialagriculturalcommissionshallberesponsibleforthedemonstrationprojectsofsmartagricultureandemphasisshouldbelaidondevelopingtheplatformsforpopularizingtheInternetofthingsaswellasplatformsforagriculturalservices,rovincialGovernmentonImplementingtheAgriculturalInformationAll-coverageProjectthatspecialfundsshouldbearrangedfor"acceleratingtheapplicationofsensor,communicationandcomputertechnologiesinagriculture".AnhuiprovincehasalsoputtheagriculturalInternetofthingsinanimportantposition,constantlystrengthenedtheirunderstandingoftherolesofagriculturalInternetofthings,activelystartedvariouskindsofdemonstrationactivitiesandgivenplaytotherolesoftheInternetofthingsindevelopingmodernagriculture. 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